Fractions (Exercise – 7.5)

FRACTIONS


EXERCISE – 7.5


EX 7.5 QUESTION 1.


Write these fractions appropriately as additions or subtractions.


EX 7.5 QUESTION 2.


Solve:

(a) 1 / 18 + 1 / 18

(b) 8 / 15 + 3 / 15

(c) 7 / 7 – 5 / 7

(d) 1 / 22 + 21 / 22

(e) 12 / 15 – 7 / 15

(f) 5 / 8 + 3 / 8

(g) 1 – 2 / 3 (1 = 3 / 3)

(h) 1 / 4 + 0 / 4

(i) 3 – 12 / 5

Solution:

(a) 1 / 18 + 1 / 18

= (1 + 1) / 18

= 2 / 18

= 1 / 9

(b) 8 / 15 + 3 / 15

= (8 + 3) / 15

= 11 / 15

(c) 7 / 7 – 5 / 7

= (7 – 5) / 7

= 2 / 7

(d) 1 / 22 + 21 / 22

= (1 + 21) / 22

= 22 / 22

= 1

(e) 12 /15 – 7 / 15

= (12 – 7) / 15

= 5 / 15

= 1 / 3

(f) 5 / 8 + 3 / 8

= (5 + 3) / 8

= 8 / 8

= 1

(g) 1 – 2 / 3

= 3 / 3 – 2 / 3

= (3 – 2) / 3

= 1 / 3

(h) 1 / 4 + 0

= 1/ 4

(i) 3 – 12 / 5

= 15 / 5 – 12/ 5

= (15 – 12) / 5

= 3 / 5


EX 7.5 QUESTION 3.


Shubham painted 2 / 3 of the wall space in his room. His sister Madhavi helped and painted 1 / 3 of the wall space. How much did they paint together?

Solution:

Wall painted by Shubham  = 2 / 3

Wall  painted by Madhavi  = 1 / 3

Total  painted by both = (2 / 3 + 1 / 3)

= (2 + 1) / 3

= 3 / 3

= 1

∴ Wall painted by Shubham and Madhavi together = 1.


EX 7.5 QUESTION 4.


Fill in the missing fractions.

(a) 7 / 10 – ▯ = 3 / 10

(b) ▯ – 3 / 21 = 5 / 21

(c) ▯ – 3 / 6 = 3 / 6

(d) ▯ + 5 / 27 = 12 / 27

Solutions:

(a) 7 / 10 – ▯ = 3 / 10

▯ = 7 / 10 – 3 / 10

▯ = (7 – 3) / 10

▯ = 4 / 10

▯ = 2 / 5

(b)  ▯ – 3 / 21 = 5 / 21

▯ = 5 / 21 + 3 / 21

▯ = (5 + 3) / 21

▯ = 8 / 21

(c) ▯ – 3 / 6 = 3 / 6

▯ = 3 / 6 + 3 / 6

▯ = (3 + 3) / 6

▯ = 6 / 6

▯ = 1

(d)  ▯ + 5 / 27 = 12 / 27

▯ = 12 / 27 – 5 /27

▯ = (12 – 5) / 27

▯ = 7 /27


EX 7.5 QUESTION 5.


Javed was given 5 / 7 of a basket of oranges. What fraction of oranges was left in the basket?

Solutions:

Fraction of oranges  = 5 / 7

Fraction of oranges left in the basket = 1 – 5 / 7

= 7 / 7 – 5 / 7

= (7 – 5) / 7

= 2 / 7